The textile industry is one of the most important in the world, not only because it generates the most income and jobs, but because it covers one of the most important needs, clothing and covering objects such as furniture, interiors, automobiles and airplanes.
This began long before the Spanish arrived, as artisanal methods and natural fibers were used, such as feathers, skins, cotton, henequen, backstrap or pedal loom, among others. However, colonization and the Porfiriato encouraged it to grow and many machines were developed until it became one of the most important in the country.
Illustration 1: Old textile machinery.
This sector is considered one of the most important in the Mexican economy, since it covers several topics such as exports, imports, production of fibers, fabrics and yarns, added values, textile production by small and large companies, artisanal and industrial techniques, Because thanks to the machinery, materials, techniques and knowledge of indigenous groups such as textile and factory workers, the Mexican textile industry maintains important recognition and participation in the national and international market, especially in the USA, since it produces million dollars in exports, positioning itself as the fifth largest textile supplier worldwide.
The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and mass consumption have created jobs directly or indirectly and there are more exports to other countries. Despite the economic contribution that this industry contributed to different parts of the country, the arrival of new competition such as China and new regulations resulted in a decrease in GDP, a reduction in fiber production, large and small companies decreased due to the It needed greater productivity and efficiency, becoming medium-sized and micro-enterprises. Also, globalization and dependency caused the country to import more than it exports, this means that there is an increase in spending because we consume more from other countries and obtain less profits.
Illustration 2: Textile factory.
Not everything is bad, Mexico continues to be one of the countries with the highest production of synthetic and artificial fibers such as polyester filament and short fiber, nylon filament, acrylic, polypropylene and acetate. Likewise, the country exports large quantities of jute, bast, sisal, agave, tow and cotton fiber, silk and clean wool. As well as yarns, woven fabrics, impregnated, coated, coated fabrics, carpets, household products, cleaning cloths and upholstery.
It is important to reflect on this industry, since it is the second most polluting in the world. For this reason, we must raise awareness about its consumption and investigate the quality of life that workers lead in factories, despite the fact that textiles generate a lot of income for the country, they should not be exploited in any way, on the contrary. They deserve decent treatment and wages. Also, it is of utmost importance to highlight the wealth of artisanal fibers and textiles that we have in Mexico. In each State, even in each region, there is an impressive diversity in textile techniques and knowledge that has remained from centuries to the present day. Yes, we understand that the industrial process is faster and more efficient, but it does not mean that the other is lesser or insignificant, on the contrary it is to be admired and is part of the Mexican identity.
Illustration 3: Mexican textiles.
Were you aware that the Textile Industry is one of the most important in Mexico? You can leave any other questions or topics of interest in the comments below.
Author | Jimena Chavez
Image 1:Industria Textil, (2021) in Concepto retrieved on August 16, 2021 at https://concepto.de/industria-textil/
Image 2: Management, (2020) “The Textile Industry, Where Are We Going?” in Gestión 30 retrieved on August 16, 2021 at https://gestion.pe/economia/la-industria-textil-hacia-donde-vamos-noticia/?ref=gesr
Image 3: Rendon, Elena, (2021) “The rebozo, a universal shield” in Difusionar retrieved on August 18, 2021 at https://www.difusionar.com/tag/textiles-mexicanos/